Moon of Alabama Brecht quote
January 12, 2021

Apartheid News

Sheldon Adelson, the casino oligarch who has financed far right causes as well as the political careers of Donald Trump and Benjamin Netanyahoo, has died. In 2013 Adelson had called for nuking Tehran (vid).

Good Riddance.

Unfortunately his money will continue to flow to the far right as his Israeli wife is the one who is now running the show.

In other news B'Tselem, the topmost Israeli human rights organization, finally describes both Israel and its control of the Palestinian territories as a single apartheid regime:

B’Tselem rejects the perception of Israel as a democracy (inside the Green Line) that simultaneously upholds a temporary military occupation (beyond it). B’Tselem reached the conclusion that the bar for defining the Israeli regime as an apartheid regime has been met after considering the accumulation of policies and laws that Israel devised to entrench its control over Palestinians.

Nothing really new there but it makes it official.

With B'Tselem finally speaking out it is much easier to refute those who falsely denounce the much justified condemnation of Zionism and Israel as anti-semitic.

This comes at a time when Israel is scheming to derail the incoming Biden administration's plan to return to the nuclear deal with Iran:

Israel will start by sending a stream of envoys on visits to Washington, the official said, requesting anonymity to discuss private deliberations. It’s stated publicly that it doesn’t want the U.S. to abandon sanctions on the Islamic Republic without a new deal, and that a tougher stance should be taken toward its nuclear project, ballistic missile program and regional proxy forces.

That strategy runs against the Biden team’s willingness to re-enter the deal, then negotiate an expansion of its terms. It’s conditioned on Iran’s returning to compliance with the accord, whose limits it breached after President Donald Trump pulled the U.S. out of the agreement in 2018.
Israel also has a higher-risk card up its sleeve: the potential to upend diplomatic efforts through covert operations against Iran.
Netanyahu has been open about his intention to thwart renewed U.S. participation. In a rare public split, he rebuked his envoy to Germany for supporting Berlin’s push to expand the deal.

“There should be no return to the Iran nuclear agreement of 2015 -- a deal which is flawed to its foundations,” Netanyahu said.

With Biden being an arch-Zionist and with a team of Zionist Jews leading the State Department the chances of a fast return to the deal can be regarded as slim.

Posted by b on January 12, 2021 at 18:07 UTC | Permalink

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uncle tungsten,
much appreciate your comments re pre-history. I have my theories and speculations based on some research but nothing cut and dried in that area.
I had always believed that the Hebrew tribe were a semitic people as they were a nomadic tribe in that area. The comments by Norwegian and one or two others on language groups give me some some doubts on that. Possibly a non semitic people that were driven from their land by sea level rise?

Posted by: Peter AU1 | Jan 14 2021 10:08 utc | 201

Posted by: uncle tungsten | Jan 14 2021 9:28 utc | 196

Were they ever, the first Circumnavegation was completed by Juan Sebastián Elkano, born in the beautiful basque village of Getaria, a must visit in the Basque Country. Besides being inveterate sailors they know how to eat those guys. Pintxos and Txakoli, a young white wine and the best food you can imagine.

Posted by: Paco | Jan 14 2021 10:47 utc | 202

Posted by: uncle tungsten | Jan 14 2021 9:28 utc | 196

He also mentions the Basque, the Kurds, and the Berbers ...

The old peoples he calls them. Anyway, if you've not seen it yet, I suggest it might be interesting. He's always a good read. I think I might include the Yemeni people is those "old peoples". All mountain people.

Barry Lopez' "Arctic Dreams" if you haven't seen it too, well anything by him. He recently passed on. Damn.

Posted by: Bemildred | Jan 14 2021 11:01 utc | 203

@ Posted by: Debsisdead | Jan 14 2021 10:06 utc | 200

That's one of the mysteries about the fate of the Vikings: why didn't they impose their culture, religion and language in the lands they settled and colonized.

Most likely scenario is that they were always very few in number and were cool with just adapting to the local realities they faced (albeit Christianization was more due to political reasons).

Posted by: vk | Jan 14 2021 11:18 utc | 204

Celts ... arrived in the British Isles ... They were not the first peoples there: there were earlier settlers, most of whom ditched their own languages for the new languages.
Posted by: Jen | Jan 14 2021 0:24 utc | 190

According to what I read long long ago, the Celts were preceded by people with a small physique, dark complection and hair, who were displaced by the new arrivals rather than absorbed (North/West/mountains/forests). The connection was made to the Romanies if I am not mistaken, who originated from India and spread a very long time ago.

South and southeast England at the time of Roman colonisation and settlement was dominated by Celtic groups like the Iceni and the Belgae. The territory of the Belgae encompassed both sides of the English Channel. It is possible that the modern Brythonic Celtic languages (Welsh, Breton, Cornish) are actually more closely related to the Celtic languages that were once spoken in Gaul, than they are to the Gaelic languages (Irish, Scots Gaelic, Manx).

A Welsh one-time teacher of mine confirmed from his own experience that Brettonese was virtually identical to his dialect, and much unlike Scottish Gaelic.

The Pictish language of Scotland, spoken during the Roman occupation, is now considered to be a Brythonic Celtic language. It was later replaced by Gaelic speakers coming over from Ireland and was gone by 1100 AD.

The Romans in their texts of course referred to the "Picts and Scots", so presumably the Scots were already there as well. My understanding was that the Picts were further south, and were pushed up to the Scottish borderlands by newer arrivals in the south. And that there are connections between the Picts and the people currently in northern England south of the border. Much of the history of the "UK" over several thousand years consists of successive waves of invaders arriving in the south-west and pushing earlier inhabitants northwards and/or westwards. The language of different regional dialects reflects those processes even today.

The Scottish Gaelics arriving from Ireland sounds suspect to me, unless there is a reliable source. It seems more likely the migration was in the other direction, but I don't know.

During the 500s BCE the Celts also migrated into the Iberian peninsula

Genetic evidence seems to show that the Basques were the origin of the Celts in Ireland and Wales (excluding the Celts of Scotland??). It has been suggested the move might have been related to climate change from the last ice age. The Celts of south-west England (especially Cornwal) are I think related to those of Wales. Maybe the Scottish Celts came later from somewhere further north?

Posted by: BM | Jan 14 2021 11:47 utc | 205

The italic sections above were all cited from Posted by: Jen | Jan 14 2021 0:24 utc | 190

Posted by: BM | Jan 14 2021 11:49 utc | 206

I've also heard it claimed that Finnish/Hungarian are related to Celtic, but have not seen any learned analysis; it should be regarded as suspect unless there is a solid basis somewhere ... perhaps someone knows something.

Posted by: BM | Jan 14 2021 11:55 utc | 207

Triden@k176 doesn't realize I was reading reviews of Thirteenth Tribe etc. as part of the decision whether to buy this new book. Sometimes, in optimistic moments I like to think what's really going on isn't that the Tridens etc. are so very stupid but just too young and ignorant of the world to think competently and they will someday develop mature minds.

To use Google you actually have to know enough to think critically. Ignorance is never competent, but thinking is never just a matter of facts you can look up.

Posted by: steven t johnson | Jan 14 2021 13:54 utc | 208

BM @ 205:

We can't assume that the people called "Scots" by the Romans were the same people as the Gaelic speakers living in Scotland hundreds of years later.

People living in the Scottish lowland areas for hundreds of years from the 500s CE onwards were known as Scots and their language was considered Scottish - but this language was close to northern English dialects, not to Scots Gaelic.

You'd be surprised at how many instances there are of different groups of people living at different times in the same locality, speaking different languages and having different traditions from one another, all tarred with the same label. That they all are known by the same name does not mean they have to be related or be of one line of descent. Only research and demonstrating evidence can show if they are.

To take a modern example: modern Macedonians are a Slav people but the Macedonians of the time of Alexander the Great were either Hellenic (Greek) or Thracians in the process of becoming Hellenic.

Posted by: Jen | Jan 14 2021 19:24 utc | 209

@ BM | Jan 14 2021 11:47 utc | 205... my ancestors on the dads side came from ireland to the highlands in the 1200's apparently... they settled close to the isle of skye... and my ancestors were a part of the highland clearances too - ship mcdonald 1786 to quebec city... my grandparents spoke gaelic.. so, yes - potatoe famine was a strong incentive to leave ireland and might have happened more frequently back them... my last name is one of the smaller scottish clans... my wife likes to remind me that their is generational trauma and i am a living example of it..

Posted by: james | Jan 14 2021 19:44 utc | 210

BM @ 205:

Also I just renembered: the Irish have a myth about their hero Finn McCool (MacCumhaill?) building a bridge from the Giant's Causeway (the basalt geological feature in northern Ireland that inspired the cover for Led Zeppelin 's "Houses of the Holy" album) to a cave on the island of Staffa in southwest Scotland to fight a giant. At some point in the myth McCool disguises himself as a baby and lies in a cradle to fool the giant. The myth arose to explain the geological similarities between NE Ireland and SW Scotland, and the underwater geological structures that appear to link them, like a bridge. (These similarities are due to volcanic forces active in that area about 60 million years ago.)

A fellow called Matthew Barnett or Barnard - I think he was married to Icelandic singer Bjork Gudmundsdottir - made a film referencing the Irish legend among other topics. The film is the third film in his Cremaster film series. There are five films in the whole series and all are quite eclectic and pretentious.

Posted by: Jen | Jan 14 2021 19:50 utc | 211

@ Posted by: Jen | Jan 14 2021 19:24 utc | 209

The Scots from the Roman times came from present-day Ireland (Hibernia); they came to Caledonia through the seas, and attacked Northwestern Britannia by crossing the Irish Sea to southwest Caledonia. The native people from Roman Scotland (Caledonia) from the High Empire and beyond were the Picts.

The Picts were definitely a pseudo-ethnicity, as it merely means "painted" (because of the face painting they used in wars against the Romans). We still don't know (and never will know, probably) who the Picts really were, although it is sensible to put then in the Celtic group.

The Slavs didn't exist in Antiquity; they appear in historical records kinda out of the blue in the early Middle Ages, already in late Western Roman empire and early Byzantine era. They are, therefore, a medieval ethnicity.

It's important to highlight that "Hellenic" can also be used in the purely cultural context by historians and archaeologists. The Celtics expanded well beyond the Rhine until the lower Danube, where they had some Hellenized cities.

Posted by: vk | Jan 14 2021 19:56 utc | 212

There is no Trumpism. It is just a facade for the Republican party. When his mask comes off, another one will appear with the same organization, funding, and media advisors behind him. They lack someone of stature so they're left to the low road. What's unique about Trump is that he unites neo-Nazis, Southern racists, and Zionists all under one roof. But they're just a fringe and they'll always vote for the Republicans.

The Republican leadership got what they wanted from Trump for one term. He tried to implement all of their platform, failing only with the Obamacare repeal. He tried to make some superficial military withdrawal moves to satisfy his campaign promises, but he was easily blackmailed to force him to toe the line.

Posted by: Les | Jan 14 2021 21:24 utc | 213

Debsisdead | Jan 14 2021 10:06 utc | 200

"Just as the vikings who took over spain..."
I'm unaware of vikings ever taking over spain. As much as I know they occasionally raided coastal villages, went up the Guadalquivir and occupied Sevilla from where they were expelled by forces of Abdelraman II and did not return. Other pirate activity occurred subsequently, but there was never any type of occupation or conquest of political power, as in Britain and France. Viking is, by the way, just another word for pirates.

Jan Guillou has written about the viking myth arising as a new foundation to the swedish national feeling after the loss of Finland and consequent end of it's great power status in european affairs. Makes a lot of sense.

Maybe you were thinking about the Visigoths, but that was a different story, they came to Hispania as surrogates of the Roman Empire and were far from being an ethnicity, rather a melting pot of different "barbarian" warriors that were mercenaries for the Romans.
The first Christian dynasties in Northwest Spain legitimised themselves by precisely claiming descent from the Goths, seen as the legitimate heirs of the Romans.
From the Goths or the Swebes no linguistic additions came to the Hispanic languages, neither, as much as I know, to the toponymy.

But since many of the comments address the nature of Judaism, I'd like to refer an aspect that both Shlomo Sand and, I think, Gilad Atzmon point to, that in the Roman era,and probably before that in the Hellenic era, Judaism was an aggressively proselytizing religion, and that is the only possible explanation for it's dissemination through all of the Mediterranean, Red and Black sea basins. That explains also the proselytizing nature of Christianity, and later Islam. For Jews that changed when they lost the competition with the Christians, and these, gaining the political power, started repressing them.
If one looks at the church Councils in Hispania during the Visigoth era the Jewish problem is recurrent ans the measures adopted are quite radical - death penalty to the Jews proselytising their slaves, sometimes forcing their children to be raised as Christians, and Council after Council the jew question was raised again.
Unless one believes mass transpiration existed by Caesar's time there is no other explanation.

On the Khasars, just one note: I read somewhere that the reason they adopted Judaism was the fact that they were dependent on slave trading, and if they would choose Christianity or Islam, they would loose half of their market, Judaism allowed them to sell muslim slaves to christians and vice-versa.

On the Taifa period there were slavic slaves that rose to the top of the political power in some of the Levant taifas, if I recall correctly in Murcia and Alicante. The story didn't say if they came from Khazaria

Pity I come late to this thread, lot's of valuable information, MOA at it's best.
Thanks to Jen for the linguistics, Norwegian for the flood myths explanations, and all the others that contribute on a civil manner.

Posted by: estouxim | Jan 15 2021 3:11 utc | 214

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