Moon of Alabama Brecht quote
January 31, 2019

Venezuela - Coup Attempt Part Of A Larger Project - Military Intervention Likely To Fail

The Trump administration has launched a large political project to remake several states in Latin America. The Wall Street Journal headlines:

U.S. Push to Oust Venezuela’s Maduro Marks First Shot in Plan to Reshape Latin America
The Trump administration’s broader aim is to gain leverage over Cuba and curb recent inroads in the region by Russia, Iran and China

The plan includes regime change in Venezuela, Nicaragua and eventually Cuba. The removal of any Russian or Chinese interest is another point. It is a multiyear project that has bipartisan support. It will likely require military force.

The targets: Raúl Castro of Cuba, Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua, Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela.

The project seems to echo the "New Middle East" plan then Secretary of State Condeleeza Rice launched in 2006. It largely failed due to U.S. incompetence but left behind severely damaged states.

That the U.S. is going for such a wide ranging plan in the western hemisphere might explain why Trump is pressing to end the other military projects in the Middle East and Afghanistan.

The starting shot for the new plan, the U.S. led coup attempt in Venezuela, is already in trouble. The U.S. selected puppet Juan Guaidó had called for demonstrations in support of his coup that were supposed to take place yesterday. But even the NYT, which propagandizes for each and every regime change operation the U.S. undertakes in Latin America, could find only little evidence of support:

Mr. Guaidó also took part in protests on Wednesday at the Central University of Venezuela in Caracas, where he was swarmed by international reporters. Wearing a white lab coat, he linked arms with medical students and marched with them up a roadway, before speeding off on the back of a motorbike.

The demonstration was one of a handful in the city on Wednesday, though on a smaller scale than some recent demonstrations. Some workers walked out of their jobs for hours in protest against Mr. Maduro and his government, gathering on corners through the capital.

Videos from Venezuela showed a crowd of some hundred people in the better off quarters of Caracas. Meanwhile pictures of several pro-Maduro demonstrations in various cities showed much larger crowds. New demonstrations will be held on Saturday and are likely to show similar results.

The Washington Post claims that anti-government protests took place in two of the more destitute areas of Caracas. But the report contradicts itself. It starts:

As the opposition campaign to oust President Nicolás Maduro dramatically escalated, the warren-like streets of the Puerta Caracas slum filled with pot-banging, anti-government demonstrators. A culture center run by Maduro loyalists was burned down. Hungry, beaten-down residents felt a rush of hope.

Then night fell, along with the boot steps of government forces.

Maduro called the arsonists “fascist criminals,” and residents in the western Caracas enclave paid the price. Mask-wearing special forces, locals said, swarmed the neighborhood last week, kicking in doors, rounding up young people and imposing an effective curfew.

Twenty propaganda filled paragraphs later we learn that the described arson of a culture center took place before the coup attempt happened and likely has nothing to do with it:

The uprisings began the night of Jan. 22, with residents of Puerta Caracas banging pots and lighting dumpsters on fire. Around midnight, neighbors say, a group of hooded boys threw molotov cocktails at the culture center.

Early Wednesday, family members said, Abel Pernia, 19, was heading to a doctor’s appointment when armed intelligence police officers grabbed him, shoved him against a wall and handcuffed him.
... [more] protests erupted in Petare last Wednesday and continued until dawn. A group set fire to barricades, threw stones and attacked an outpost of the National Guard. Security forces repelled them with tear gas as residents chanted “we don’t want food boxes! What we want is for Nicolas to leave!”

Neighbors said that criminal gangs were among the crowd and created havoc by violently confronting the police. The response was immediate.

The coup attempt was launched on January 23. The arson incident took place on January 22. The following day the police came and arrested people involved in it. More gang riots followed.

The whole story has nothing to with the coup attempt or with general protests against Maduro. It is about gang crime in some slum quarters. Gang fighting has long been a problem in Caracas. A special police force, the FAES, was set up in 2017 to get it under control.

That the Washington Post has to use an unrelated incident to proclaim that the poor people support the coup attempt shows how little real evidence it has to support that propaganda claim.

The public in Venezuela is evidently not supporting the foreign induced coup attempt. A recent poll shows that more than 80% of the people are against sanctions and other international interventions to remove President Maduro. 80% also support talks between the government and the opposition which Maduro repeatedly offered but which the coup plotters reject.

It is very unlikely that civil disobedience or demonstrations will be able to remove the government of Venezuela. The opposition simply does not have enough people on its side to create more than inconveniences.

It is also not the plan.

It is obvious that the U.S. wants a violent conflict. Either the Venezuelan military will have to launch a coup or the violence will have to be brought in from the outside.

The military has for now declared that it is not willing to do anything against the government. Other measures will have to be taken. That the Trump administration selected Elliott Abrams, Ronald Reagan's "Assistant Secretary of Dirty Wars", as special envoy to its puppets is telling:

The choice of Abrams sends a clear message to Venezuela and the world: The Trump administration intends to brutalize Venezuela, while producing a stream of unctuous rhetoric about America’s love for democracy and human rights. Combining these two factors — the brutality and the unctuousness — is Abrams’s core competency.

An oped by the U.S. selected dude, who was created by the U.S. regime change machine, was published in today's New York Times:

Juan Guaidó: Venezuelans, Strength Is in Unity
To end the Maduro regime with the minimum of bloodshed, we need the support of pro-democratic governments, institutions and individuals the world over.

Notice the "minimum of bloodshed"? One wonders how many thousands of dead will do.

Guaido explains the murky legal foundation for his claims to presidency:

I would like to be clear about the situation in Venezuela: Mr. Maduro’s re-election on May 20, 2018, was illegitimate, as has since been acknowledged by a large part of the international community. His original six-year term was set to end on Jan. 10. By continuing to stay in office, Nicolás Maduro is usurping the presidency.

My ascension as interim president is based on Article 233 of the Venezuelan Constitution, according to which, if at the outset of a new term there is no elected head of state, power is vested in the president of the National Assembly until free and transparent elections take place. This is why the oath I took on Jan. 23 cannot be considered a “self-proclamation.” It was not of my own accord that I assumed the function of president that day, but in adherence to the Constitution.

The early election in May 2018 was held on demand of the opposition parties some of which, urged by the U.S., did not take part in it. There is no evidence of fraud that lets one doubt the results. Maduro won among several candidates with more than 60% of the votes. One might argue that has more legitimacy than some other elected people.


Not liking the outcome is not a reason to declare an election illegitimate.

If Maduro's first term ended on January 10 why did it take it Guaido, as head of the National Assembly, thirteen days to find that Maduro's second term was 'illegitimate'? Moreover, if article 233 is used as justification to temporarily usurp the presidency then Guaido has the duty to hold new elections within 30 days. So far he has not even called for them. His reasoning is not convincing at all.

Guaido goes on to say that he needs support of the military. But this does not sound like he has it:

The transition will require support from key military contingents. We have had clandestine meetings with members of the armed forces and the security forces. We have offered amnesty to all those who are found not guilty of crimes against humanity. The military’s withdrawal of support from Mr. Maduro is crucial to enabling a change in government, and the majority of those in service agree that the country’s recent travails are untenable.

He further claims, like the Washington Post above, that the gang violence before the coup attempt shows that Maduro has lost all support:

Mr. Maduro no longer has the support of the people. Last week in Caracas, citizens from the poorest neighborhoods that had been Chavista strongholds in the past took to the streets in unprecedented protests. They went out again on Jan. 23 with the full knowledge that they might be brutally repressed, and they continue to attend town hall meetings.

Guaido ends by calling for external support for his endeavor.

What he needs are billions of dollars to build up some mercenary army that will help him to overthrow the government.

The U.S. seized Venezuelan assets but will have trouble handing them to Guaido. The main asset is CITGO, which owns refineries and gas stations in the United States. But CITGO is deep in debt. Its refineries depend on the heavy oil from Venezuela. If might well go into bankruptcy in which case the debt holders will take it over. At least 49.5 % will go to the Russian company Rosneft. The legal process will take years.

So how much U.S. money is Trump willing to invest in his plan?

Venezuela will have trouble defending itself against a foreign military attack. The Maduro government is not the most competent, the military is quite corrupt, and money is scarce. China and Russia may support it with some additional loans, but are otherwise unlikely to come to its help. Cuba and Nicaragua may be willing to send troops but have little else to offer.

But the Bolivarian movement in Venezuela has millions of supporters. Most are poor people who would lose out under a new rightwing government. While the Venezuelan military may be corrupt and not very willing to fight, many people will surely take up arms to defend the gains they made under Maduro and Chavez.

It might be relatively easy to invade Venezuela and to defeat its regular military. But the following occupation would be a very difficult endeavor. The Pentagon has seen how this worked out in Iraq. It will likely warn against the use of any U.S. troops in Venezuela. Other countries will likewise be careful not to get into such a mess.

The CIA and the coup plotters can hire thousands of throat cutting thugs to do some extreme damage to Venezuela. But they have little chance to win more than a completely destroyed country.

Might that be the real aim? Is the project for the New Middle East Latin America one of complete destruction?

Posted by b on January 31, 2019 at 18:59 UTC | Permalink

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Ottawa is being a good puppet.
“Canada will host an urgent meeting of the Lima Group of countries here in Ottawa on Monday Feb. 4 to discuss what steps we can take to support interim president Juan Guaido and the people of Venezuela,” Canada Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said. . .here

Julio Borges, Guaido's delegate to the Lima Group, has told Sputnik: "We really would like to have a contact with Russia and China. I hope this interview could help to open the possibility for a free and honest and positive conversation with Russia and China". Borges is a former president of the Venezuela National Assembly, now in exile in Colombia. . .here

Posted by: Don Bacon | Feb 1 2019 20:53 utc | 201

Maduro is selling outside the petrodollar,150,000bpd to Rosneft's Indian refinery.

Posted by: Winston | Feb 1 2019 21:13 utc | 202

@202 It seems not everybody in Canada agrees with Freeland.

"While the Canadian government was among the first to recognise Juan Guaidó as the President of the financially beleaguered country, Canada’s biggest union has gone the other way and have offered their support for elected President Nicolas Maduro

On their website, the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) says in a statement regarding the Trudeau government support of self-declared president Guaidó, “..they have chosen to side with a self-declared leader over President Nicolás Maduro, who was duly elected by the people of Venezuela. They have also chosen to side with Donald Trump and US foreign policy”."

Posted by: dh | Feb 1 2019 22:07 utc | 203

Okay so I quickly read Hudson's piece which makes some very strong points, and, boy, I wish I had more time to really delve into it, but, I just don't have more time right now. I'm kind of puzzled regarding the part about the ICC. Isn't it a good thing that the ICC finally had the guts to take on the U.S. therefore now would not be the time for it to dissolve under Bolton's acid threats, even if it has been a mere prop in some regards throughout the years and not a balanced instrument of justice? What is really required is a Nuremberg equivalent only for the multiple crimes the AZ Empire is guilty of committing.

What really, really bothers me is the title that gives credence to the belief that Mueller suspects Trump is the Manchurian Candidate under Russia's command to destroy the Empire. I just hate that title because there is no doubt that Trump is so in deep with the Zionist 1% power grabbing, regime change, domination machinations, and the brilliance of the backfiring outcome, in some regards, has nothing to to with Trump and everything to do with the brilliance of physics, how far you can stretch an elastic before it breaks or snaps back at you and natural blowback and the karma associated with the kind of greed that afflicts America and Trump is the prime example of it. Whatever brilliant consequences arise are the result of serendipity.

So, to claim that Trump is the brilliant strategist instead of what he really is: the unwitting catalyst at a critical time when a snap back blowback correction was a long time coming is either disingenuous, naive or plain sarcasm and if it's the latter then I wish Hudson added a parenthesized sarcasm disclaimer, because the title is like a do not enter sign that makes you want to close the page and read no further.

Just today, Trump gave this excuse for getting out of the nuclear arms treaty:

"The United States has fully adhered to the INF Treaty for more than 30 years, but we will not remain constrained by its terms while Russia misrepresents its actions," Trump said in a statement Friday. "

So this is the brilliant strategist, huh??? Trump isn't even an evil genius; He's just plain evil.

Posted by: Circe | Feb 1 2019 22:50 utc | 204

dh @ 204

The first good news I've heard all day.

Posted by: spudski | Feb 1 2019 23:23 utc | 205


On the ICC ,the senior judge resigned after another ICC Judge was arrested on Trumped up judges by Turkey and then removed from the ICC. In other words the threats and actions against ICC judges looks to be effective.

Hudson. “Trump’s agenda may really be to break up the American Empire......But is he a witting anti-American agent? He might as well be...”. He them goes on to suggest Trump is an unwitting agent. I disagree.

As I have suggested before perhaps this is by design. Trump, Deep State, MSM, Dems, Global Elite all working together while pretending to be fighting as in Fake Wrestling. Why? The Globalists wish to create a New New World Order. To do this they must first destroy the Old New World Order. After subsequent turmoil of the resulting wars and chaos conditions are ripe for a New Order.

I believe that the New Order is a Global Republic with a Green Economy. A central bank for the Republic made up of 12-13 of Worlds Major Regions will issue the Carbon Dollar/Credits and collect taxes, and thus replace the USD and other international reserve currencies. The amounts subject to agreement and conditions

Trumps role in this is to discredit the US, Democracy and Capitalism so the world will welcome a New Order without any of those three elements playing a major role. Perhaps to be modeled on Chinas Authoritarian Technocratic System with social credits , and soon 5G/Smart meters tracking and controlling everyone .

It may also be required to break up the US, perhaps after a Civil War, manufactured by Trump himself with help from the Deep State , Democrats and MSM. The country is already so polarized its ripe for an organized uprising that will lead to martial law and a subsequent break up into 12-13 regions already existing under FEMA/COGS regions. This will alleviate fears the US will take over the New Order , although in truth the same global elites pulling the strings for the Old Order will pull the strings in the New Order.

Posted by: Pft | Feb 1 2019 23:46 utc | 206

@204 dh... ditto spudskis comment to you!!! thanks... there is still a shred of hope for some of us canucks!

Posted by: james | Feb 2 2019 2:34 utc | 207

Thanks to those who linked, quoted and endorsed the new Michael Hudson article:
Trump’s Brilliant Strategy to Dismember U.S. Dollar Hegemony

I agree that it is quite a brilliant piece. I'm completely impressed by Hudson's ability to write of geopolitics in the concise and penetrating way of the geopolitical analysts we are more familiar with. I thought of him as an economist, historian and scholar, but I never quite looked to him to explain the murky modern world with that much street smarts. My error.

Hudson is a man who was on the inside of the establishment machine for a long time. He's watched a lot of things happen. He's been calling for this breakdown in the US position for several decades, and he expresses not only his own surprise but that of the established order itself to see that the "left" side of the spectrum - that the crony capitalists always took care to neuter - was not the actual side that its demise came from. It came instead from the "right" side that was always presumed to be aligned with capitalism, but now arises in a nationalist demand for sovereignty that the US empire simply cannot yield to any of its vassals.

His article is so impeccably coherent that it truly is worth taking the time quietly to read it. He begins and ends with the same theme outlined in my paragraph above, and meanwhile makes an extensive tour d'horizon throughout the body, and then points out that most of the things he's talking about all manifested currently, as sharp news headlines in the single day of January 31 - yesterday.

A brilliant piece of writing. Salut, Michael Hudson.


ps...Headline writing is the only fun part of writing, and as we see all the time, often misses themes that others may find more relevant. The title of Hudson's article (which I assume he wrote himself) actually does fit the work, but it's really no more than a handful of paragraphs out of everything portrayed in the piece.

I personally spent very little time with that speculation about Trump, we've done it to death already. What's more fascinating is the great arc of Hudson's view, that captures the very taste of the hubris as the empire consumes itself.

Posted by: Grieved | Feb 2 2019 3:34 utc | 208

@209 grieved.. i agree hudsons article is a good one.. thanks karlof1 and others for pointing it out..

Posted by: james | Feb 2 2019 4:50 utc | 209

@karlof1 194

Thanks for the link; indeed worth reading though it mostly synthesizes what's been repeatedly said before. But the question which it poses whether Trump is witting or unwitting -- for me it's not a question at all. The Donald is trying to govern a superpower within the confines of a fifth-grader vocabulary. The only people oblivious to that at this point are those who got mentally stuck in fifth grade themselves. Look at the naked grubbiness with which he uses the Oval Office to pimp his hotels and golf courses. Not saying he's a total moron, it may have been an effective mindset in the world of NYC real estate. When it comes to repairing the USA, and preparing it for an uncertain future, it's obvious he doesn't have a clue.

Posted by: Ma Laoshi | Feb 2 2019 6:54 utc | 210

Why aren't americans in the streets to protest against another coup their country is orchestrating ? What will it take to finally get them reacting ?

Posted by: Czerny | Feb 2 2019 8:28 utc | 211

Czerny why arent you protesting yourself? Which nation are you from?

Posted by: Saban | Feb 2 2019 8:34 utc | 212

I am protesting .In my own country .I wish you would do the same .

Posted by: Czerny | Feb 2 2019 9:30 utc | 213

Circe @ 189, I agree. More or less.

Re. the V. economy, a sorta Roscharch test is there to be scoped out. So much went wrong, analysis is desperately difficult - many facts are obscured / distorted - apportioning blame to top V. figures, one or the other acting on the intl. stage, is superficial.

Times change, history marches on: if Chavez was a ‘better person’ or some such than Maduro matters little - certainly Chavez was harder to attack / demean / contest at the time. (Ex. oil prices, other, etc..) Yet, history marches on, and Bolivarism (is that a word / concept?) has taken bad knocks, and Maduro is there to take the brunt, OK, and now be some version of fall guy or the dope who failed - judging that is tough.

Posted by: Noirette | Feb 2 2019 17:38 utc | 214

I would suggest that Brazil was the US s first project. Temer, a convicted criminal who was not allowed to run for office and a possible CIA asset, was was seen at the US Embassy before his equally corrupt pals, all under investigation by the elected government, overthrew that government in a parliamentary coup.
Bolsonario was selected with Lula, the most popular candidate jailed, probably on trumped upon charges and unaddressed complaints of election irregularities.
Bolsonario is busily privatizing public assets. Pity the poor of Brazil. They don't have prayer.

Posted by: CD Waller | Feb 2 2019 19:41 utc | 215

Paragraph 4 says it all. The purpose of renewed interest in South America and in particular Venezuela,is to stop South Americans becoming better off than Americans. The British are experts in corruption & push this where they can. Africa is awash with MI6 corruption. The US does this but nearly so well.

Posted by: Carl Jones | Feb 2 2019 20:37 utc | 216

Grieved @ 25

I believe it's much later than the Saker and the commenters think sooner than they thought. For most the idea that Russia or China would be so nearsighted as to consider that their choices would only be either to come to Venezuela's defense with hardware and personnel or to watch from the sidelines is to seriously underestimate both of them and to believe that the enemy gets to choose the field of battle. How very unSun Tzu.

It seemed to me some years ago that the showdown between the powers would come in 2020 or after. The immensity of the conflict called for massive infrastructure and the building of an mil-ind complex by the Russians and the Chinese. Greer's Twilight's Last Gleaming ("A chilling high-concept geo-political thriller where a declining United States and a resurgent China come to the brink of all out nuclear war.") was published in late 2014 and may have seemed at that time to be a masturbatory exercise. It sure doesn't look like that now. As of 1 Mar '18 the Russians are ready to rumble defensively: if the US tries a first strike everybody goes down. The Chinese have fortified the South China Sea. A Chinese admiral said something out loud the other day about the impact of the loss of 2 US carriers. Most likely, he was authorized to say that.

The hegemon has made it clear there is no international rule of law and it can't be trusted to keep any agreement it makes. Therefore:

1) The US has accelerated its assault on sovereign states with resources because it has to given the immensity of its debts and its failure to produce wealth.

2) John Helmer pointed out ( that Putin rules with a stavka, a military/intelligence war council. That is a war posture. 5th columnists and billionaire monopolists notwithstanding.

3) 2020 came sooner than I anticipated.

The state of the conflict calls for asymmetric responses by the Russians and the Chinese against the weakest and/or most critical points of their enemy's order of battle, and that means among other things, its supply lines and in our era, its communication system dependencies and its last best weapon--its systemic financial power. They will string out the enemy as long as possible--even rope-a-dope the enemy--until the order of battle somewhere in the world favors their strengths. The US declarations against Venezuela are all merely postures, except for the outright theft of Ven's financial assets everywhere they can be found. That's the tell. A full blown financial war is raging. The creation of the alternative transaction systems by the Russians and the Chinese backed up by satellite and anti-satellite systems are the infrastructure required to take on the hegemon where it has chosen to do outright battle. It's the $US stoopid.

Still, the US is stretched very thinly around the world and the Russians have shown that the right physical force applied at the right target is extremely effective and can turn a conflict around almost instantly:

Saker: "For one thing, I will never cease to repeat that the Russian intervention in Syria was a very small one, and that even if this small force proved formidable, it was really acting primarily as a force multiplier for the Iranians, Hezbollah and the Syrian government forces. And yet, even the deployment of this very small force necessitated a huge logistics effort from Russia whose military (being a purely defensive one) is simply not structured for long-distance power projection. Syria is about 1000km from Russia. Venezuela is about 10 times (!) further." [emphasis added]

That last sentence demonstrates the Saker is a rather orthodox thinker and doesn't appreciate what the Russians accomplished and its full implications. The fact is that the Syrian theater is the test range for the development of Russians weapons systems and it is all being conducted within their stated military budget. The Russians say that repeatedly. And that "small" deployment is forcing changes in global US military doctrine. Who could have predicted the Russians would launch cruise missiles from its Caspian naval forces on ISIS targets in Syria? The hegemon has met the enemy and seen its deficiencies displayed in daylight in real time. The US military is not looking for a fight. The asymmetries speak for themselves.

Will there be a physical confrontation in Ven? I don't know. However, I think neither the Russians nor the Chinese will stand pat everywhere if the US escalates to deployment of US forces against Ven.

It is later than everyone thinks sooner than they think.

Meanwhile, my favorite theme is touched on by Michael Hudson:

Michael Hudson: Trump’s Brilliant Strategy to Dismember U.S. Dollar Hegemony

The end of America’s unchallenged global economic dominance has arrived sooner than expected, thanks to the very same Neocons who gave the world the Iraq, Syria and the dirty wars in Latin America.

. . .

I have just returned from Germany and seen a remarkable split between that nation’s industrialists and their political leadership. For years, major companies have seen Russia as a natural market, a complementary economy needing to modernize its manufacturing and able to supply Europe with natural gas and other raw materials. America’s New Cold War stance is trying to block this commercial complementarity. Warning Europe against “dependence” on low-price Russian gas, it has offered to sell high-priced LNG from the United States (via port facilities that do not yet exist in anywhere near the volume required). President Trump also is insisting that NATO members spend a full 2 percent of their GDP on arms – preferably bought from the United States, not from German or French merchants of death.

The U.S. overplaying its position is leading to the Mackinder-Kissinger-Brzezinski Eurasian nightmare that I mentioned above. In addition to driving Russia and China together, U.S. diplomacy is adding Europe to the heartland, independent of U.S. ability to bully into the state of dependency toward which American diplomacy has aimed to achieve since 1945.
. . .

The end of our monetary imperialism, about which I first wrote in 1972 in Super Imperialism, stuns even an informed observer like me. It took a colossal level of arrogance, short-sightedness and lawlessness to hasten its decline — something that only crazed Neocons like John Bolton, Elliot Abrams and Mike Pompeo could deliver for Donald Trump. [emphasis added]

Posted by: pogohere | Feb 3 2019 8:24 utc | 217

Orlov provided some observations including this gem,

What stands out immediately is the combination of incompetence and desperation exhibited by all of the above-mentioned public and not-so-public figures. Pompeo, in voicing his recognition of Guaidó, called him “guido,” which is an ethnic slur against Italians, while Bolton did one better and called him “guiado” which could be Spanish for “remote-controlled.” (Was that a Freudian slip or just another one of Bolton’s senior moments?) Not to be outdone, Pence gave an entire little speech on Venezuela—a sort of address to the Venezuelan people—which was laced with some truly atrocious pseudo-Spanish gibberish and ended with an utterly incongruous “¡Vaya con Dios!” straight out of a hammy 1950s Western.

Some more entertainment was provided at the UN Security Council, where the ever-redoubtable Russian representative Vasily Nebenzya pointed out that the situation in Venezuela did not pose a threat to international security and was therefore not within the purview of the Security Council. He then proceeded to ask Pompeo, who was present at the meeting, a pointed question: “Is the US planning to yet again violate the UN Charter?”

Pompeo failed to give an answer. He sat there looking like a cat that’s pretending that it isn’t chewing on a canary, then quickly fled the scene.

before the interwebs this kind of real-time geopolitical analysis and the historical perspective of unfolding events would have taken years and been limited to historians and other academics, thank you b for providing the forum.

Posted by: Dadda | Feb 5 2019 6:11 utc | 218

This brilliant piece underscores a much-neglected aspect of white imperialism. However, this is by far a minor aspect. Our rulers seek power and riches, and are willing to kill anyone to achieve those goals. The Irish are white, and they were exterminated. The Boers are white, and they were placed in concentration camps. The Germans are white, and yet Eisenhower did not hesitate killing over a million soldiers in cold blood after World War II. The key factor is that our rulers are power-hungry psychopaths. If racism advances their goal, they will use it. If it doesn't, they will kill anyway.

Posted by: Fiona Jenkins | Feb 11 2019 15:55 utc | 219

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